Systemic Risk and Regulation: The Misguided Case of Insurance SIFIs

Questions concerning the nature, magnitude, scope, management, oversight, and supervision of systemic risk have dominated research and policy regarding financial service providers following the 2007-2009 crisis. The September 2008 collapse and federal government rescue of American International Group (AIG) in particular have had an enormous influence on regulatory policy. Section 113 of the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act established the Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC) with authority to designate systemically important nonbank financial institutions (nonbank SIFIs) for enhanced supervision by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve “[I]f the Council determines that material financial distress at the U.S. nonbank financial company, or the nature, scope, size, scale, concentration, interconnectedness, or mix of the activities of the nonbank financial company could pose a threat to the financial stability of the United States.”